Bronberg Weather Station
South Africa

Bashewa, Pretoria, South Africa
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Updated30-Nov-2015 21:30 


Peak on: Tuesday 18th November 2014 at 06h31 / Hourly rate: 115 / Direction: NE
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Leonids meteor shower
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Leonids meteor streams are groups of meteoroids originating from dust grains ejected from Commet 55P / Tempel-Tuttle. These small dust grains (meteoroids) are distributed along the parent comet's orbit concentrated close to the comet nucleus with fewer grains farther away from the nucleus. Every time the Earth passes through this stream of dust particles (i.e. meteor stream), we experience what is known as a Leonids meteor shower. These brief streaks of light from meteors, sometimes called "shooting stars", peak on Monday night the 17th November 2014 when earth moves through the center of the dust trail left behind by the comet.

How to view the Leonids

Go outside, find a dark spot and look north-east near the constelation of Leo for the Leonids radiant. Meteor showers are strictly for night owls or early risers. The best time to view the Leonids is from around 3h00 in the early morning to about 4h15 when dawn breaks. They ordinarily pick up steam after midnight and display the greatest meteor numbers just before dawn. The Leonid stream is perhaps most famous for its periodic storms occurring at roughly 33-year intervals when its associated comet, P/Tempel-Tuttle, returns to perihelion which last occured on 28th February 1998 and is expected to return on 20th May 2031. They are very fast and very bright with most leaving trains. You should be able to see 115 streaks an hour or more during the peak. The Leonids meteor shower is active from the 10th Nov to 23rd Nov with fewer activity either side of the peak time.

Meteor Shower List

Of particular interest to solar system dynamics is the association of a parent (source) body with a specific meteor stream. The following meteor shower table lists known meteor streams in chronological order of peak activity. In addition to the name of the meteor stream and time of peak activity, the associated parent body (where known) is also shown.

03-Jan-2014Quadrantids120  16h56  -BootesAsteroid 2003 EH 1
08-Feb-2014alpha Centaurids7  12h49  SECentaurus
14-Mar-2014eta Virginids2  22h48  EVirgoComet D / 1766 G1 (Helfenzrieder)
05-Apr-2014kappa Serpentids4  20h40  NECorona Borealis
22-Apr-2014Lyrids18  21h43  NNELyraComet C / 1861 G1 Thatcher
23-Apr-2014pi Puppids20  18h39  SWPuppisComet 26P Grigg-Skjellerup
07-May-2014eta Aquariids85  19h58  EAquariusComet 1P Halley
10-May-2014eta Lyrids7  02h34  NNELyraComet C / 1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock)
28-Jun-2014Bootids10  08h19  -BootesComet 7P Pons-Winnecke
29-Jul-2014South. delta Aquariids20  01h26  EAquarius
30-Jul-2014alpha Capricornids4  12h35  ECapricornusComet 45P Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova
04-Aug-2014South. iota Aquariids2  10h29  EAquarius
13-Aug-2014Perseids110  07h03  -PerseusComet 109P Swift-Tuttle
18-Aug-2014kappa Cygnids3  12h12  -Cygnus
31-Aug-2014alpha Aurigids10  23h43  -AurigaComet C / 1911 N1 Kiess
03-Oct-2014Capricornids2  06h46  ECapricornusComet D / 1978 R1 (Haneda-Campos)
06-Oct-2014Camelopardalids40  04h41  -Chamaeleon
09-Oct-2014Draconids10  01h32  -DracoComet 21P Giacobini-Zinner
22-Oct-2014Orionids30  09h08  NEOrionComet 1P Halley
06-Nov-2014Northern Taurids4  19h04  NETaurusAsteroid 2004 TG10
06-Nov-2014Southern Taurids7  19h04  NETaurusComet 2P Encke
18-Nov-2014Leonids115  06h31  NELeoCommet 55P / Tempel-Tuttle
22-Nov-2014alpha Monocerotids4  00h18  ENEMonoceros
14-Dec-2014Geminids120  11h03  NNEGeminiAsteroid 3200 Phaethon
23-Dec-2014Ursids10  05h22  -Ursa MinorComet 8P Tuttle
26-Dec-2014Comae Berenicids5  04h03  NEComa Berenicis

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Meteor Showers script by Bashewa Weather
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