Bronberg Weather Station
South Africa

Bashewa, Pretoria, South Africa
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Updated20-Mar-2015 20:00 


Peak on: Monday 18th November 2013 at 00h22 / Hourly rate: 115 / Direction: NE
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Leonids meteor shower
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Leonids meteor streams are groups of meteoroids originating from dust grains ejected from Commet 55P / Tempel-Tuttle. These small dust grains (meteoroids) are distributed along the parent comet's orbit concentrated close to the comet nucleus with fewer grains farther away from the nucleus. Every time the Earth passes through this stream of dust particles (i.e. meteor stream), we experience what is known as a Leonids meteor shower. These brief streaks of light from meteors, sometimes called "shooting stars", peak on Sunday night the 17th November 2013 when earth moves through the center of the dust trail left behind by the comet.

How to view the Leonids

Go outside, find a dark spot and look north-east near the constelation of Leo for the Leonids radiant. Meteor showers are strictly for night owls or early risers. The best time to view the Leonids is from around 3h00 in the early morning to about 4h15 when dawn breaks. They ordinarily pick up steam after midnight and display the greatest meteor numbers just before dawn. The Leonid stream is perhaps most famous for its periodic storms occurring at roughly 33-year intervals when its associated comet, P/Tempel-Tuttle, returns to perihelion which last occured on 28th February 1998 and is expected to return on 20th May 2031. They are very fast and very bright with most leaving trains. You should be able to see 115 streaks an hour or more during the peak. The Leonids meteor shower is active from the 10th Nov to 23rd Nov with fewer activity either side of the peak time.

Meteor Shower List

Of particular interest to solar system dynamics is the association of a parent (source) body with a specific meteor stream. The following meteor shower table lists known meteor streams in chronological order of peak activity. In addition to the name of the meteor stream and time of peak activity, the associated parent body (where known) is also shown.

03-Jan-2013Quadrantids120  10h46  -BootesAsteroid 2003 EH 1
08-Feb-2013alpha Centaurids7  06h40  SECentaurus
14-Mar-2013eta Virginids2  16h39  EVirgoComet D / 1766 G1 (Helfenzrieder)
05-Apr-2013kappa Serpentids4  14h30  NECorona Borealis
22-Apr-2013Lyrids18  15h34  NNELyraComet C / 1861 G1 Thatcher
23-Apr-2013pi Puppids20  12h30  SWPuppisComet 26P Grigg-Skjellerup
07-May-2013eta Aquariids85  13h49  EAquariusComet 1P Halley
09-May-2013eta Lyrids7  20h24  NNELyraComet C / 1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock)
28-Jun-2013Bootids10  02h10  -BootesComet 7P Pons-Winnecke
28-Jul-2013South. delta Aquariids20  19h17  EAquarius
30-Jul-2013alpha Capricornids4  06h26  ECapricornusComet 45P Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova
04-Aug-2013South. iota Aquariids2  04h20  EAquarius
13-Aug-2013Perseids110  00h54  -PerseusComet 109P Swift-Tuttle
18-Aug-2013kappa Cygnids3  06h03  -Cygnus
31-Aug-2013alpha Aurigids10  17h33  -AurigaComet C / 1911 N1 Kiess
03-Oct-2013Capricornids2  00h36  ECapricornusComet D / 1978 R1 (Haneda-Campos)
05-Oct-2013Camelopardalids40  22h32  -Chamaeleon
08-Oct-2013Draconids10  19h23  -DracoComet 21P Giacobini-Zinner
22-Oct-2013Orionids30  02h59  NEOrionComet 1P Halley
06-Nov-2013Northern Taurids4  12h55  NETaurusAsteroid 2004 TG10
06-Nov-2013Southern Taurids7  12h55  NETaurusComet 2P Encke
18-Nov-2013Leonids115  00h22  NELeoCommet 55P / Tempel-Tuttle
21-Nov-2013alpha Monocerotids4  18h09  ENEMonoceros
14-Dec-2013Geminids120  04h53  NNEGeminiAsteroid 3200 Phaethon
22-Dec-2013Ursids10  23h13  -Ursa MinorComet 8P Tuttle
25-Dec-2013Comae Berenicids5  21h54  NEComa Berenicis

Screenshots courtesy of
Meteor Showers script by Bashewa Weather
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